UWM students interested in pursuing advanced knowledge about the varied cultures, histories, languages, and origins that are included within Latinx populations have three different programs to choose from, including a major and two different certificates.

UWM students in the Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latinx Studies (LACUSL) major learn about the many different histories, cultures, and modern issues of Latinx peoples from all three regions - Latin America, the Caribbean, and the United States. It is among a small handful of programs nationwide to explore both Latinx communities in the U.S. as well as those in Latin America and the Caribbean; most programs focus on one or the other. Coursework spans several departments, including history, sociology, the arts, political science, anthropology, languages and literature, giving students many different lenses through which to look.

Many students choose this major because they intend to work with the Latinx population in some way. They may be going into health services, education, manufacturing, business, nonprofit work, social services, trade, or government work. Regardless of industry, they understand that the impact of globalization is growing and they recognize the increasing importance of Latin American countries and Latinx communities in the U.S. as political and economic forces.

Students more interested in the experience of Latinx communities within the United States might find our certificate in Latino Studies well-suited to their personal and professional goals. A certificate is similar to a minor in terms of number of credits, but like the interdisciplinary LACUSL major mentioned above, it draws on classes from many different subject areas. Students can expect to take classes from history, English, Spanish, educational policy, and sociology.

Students more interested in Latin America and the Caribbean should explore the certificate in Latin American and Caribbean Studies in more detail. 

Both certificates are excellent complements to other majors both within the College of Letters & Science as well as professional degrees such as business, education, nursing or health sciences.

Numerous study abroad opportunities are available to students in any of these programs, including short-term and longer-length. Most students start planning their study abroad experience early in sophomore year for trips that take place in junior year. Popular destinations include Mexico, Cuba, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, and Chile.

Course of Study – Bachelor of Arts Degree

Complete 120 credits including 90 credits in the College of Letters & Science and with 36 of the 90 credits in L&S upper-level (numbered above 300) courses. The College requires that students must complete in residence at UWM at least 15 credits in upper-division (numbered 300 or above) courses in their major. Students are also required to complete University-wide General Education Requirements and the specific L&S requirements listed below.

To complete a major, students must satisfy all the requirements of the major as stated in this catalog. Students who declare their majors within five years of entering the UW System as a degree candidate may satisfy the requirements outlined in any catalog issued since the time they entered. Credits used to satisfy the major also may be used to satisfy other degree requirements.

University General Education Requirements (GER)

Oral and Written Communication
Part A
Achieve a grade of C or better in the following course:
ENGLISH 102College Writing and Research (or equivalent)
Part B
Course designated as OWC-B; may be completed through a major-specific course requirement
Quantitative Literacy
Part A
Earn at least 3 credits with a grade of C or higher in one of the following courses or an equivalent course, or achieve a placement code of at least 30 on the mathematics placement test (or other appropriate test, as determined by the Mathematical Sciences Department)
Mathematical Literacy for College Students II
Contemporary Applications of Mathematics
Introduction to College Algebra
Algebraic Literacy II
Introduction to Logic - Critical Reasoning 1
Introduction to Logic - Critical Reasoning
College Algebra
Or equivalent course
Part B
Course designated as QL-B; may be completed through a major-specific course requirement
Arts
Select 3 credits3
Humanities
Select 6 credits6
Social Sciences
Select 6 credits6
Natural Sciences
Select 6 credits (at least two courses including one lab)6
UWM Foreign Language Requirement
Complete Foreign Language Requirement through:
Two years (high school) of a single foreign language
Two semesters (college) of a single foreign language
Or equivalent
UWM Cultural Diversity Requirement
One course from the Arts, Humanities, or Social Sciences must also satisfy UWM's Cultural Diversity requirement

College of Letters & Science Requirements

I. English Composition Requirement

Students must satisfy the English Composition Requirement with one of the following options:

1) Completing ENGLISH 102 with a grade of C or higher; or

2) by placing beyond ENGLISH 102 on the English Placement Test (EPT) (or other assessment as determined by the English Department); or

3) transferring a course of at least 2.5 equivalent credits from another institution that is equivalent to English 102, or a UWM higher-level expository writing course, with a grade of C or higher.

Note: This requirement is the same as the University General Education Requirement for Oral and Written Communication Part A. The College of Letters & Science does not have a specific requirement for a writing course beyond English 102, but students must complete the university-wide requirement for Oral and Written Communication Part B listed above.

II. Mathematics and Formal Reasoning

To satisfy the Mathematics and Formal Reasoning Requirement, students must satisfy the following two requirements:

1. Achieve a placement code of at least 30 on the mathematics placement test (or other appropriate test, as determined by the Mathematical Sciences Department) or earn at least 3 credits with a grade of C or higher in one of the following courses or an equivalent course:

MATH 102Mathematical Literacy for College Students II3
MATH 103Contemporary Applications of Mathematics3
MATH 105Introduction to College Algebra3
MATH 108Algebraic Literacy II3
MATH 111Introduction to Logic - Critical Reasoning 13
or PHILOS 111 Introduction to Logic - Critical Reasoning
MATH 116College Algebra3
MATH 175Mathematical Explorations for Elementary Teachers I3

Note: This requirement is the same as the University General Education Requirement for Quantitative Literacy Part A, listed above.

2. Complete one course (at least 3 credits) at the 200 level or above chosen from courses in Mathematics, PHILOS 211, or Letters and Science statistics courses:

Complete one of the following:
3 or more credits in any 200-level or above Math course
Introduction to Statistics in African and African Diaspora Studies
Introduction to Anthropological Statistics
Statistical Methods in Atmospheric Sciences
Biostatistics
Economic Statistics
Quantitative Analysis in Geography
The Quantitative Analysis of Historical Data
Elementary Statistical Analysis
Elementary Logic
Political Data Analysis
Survey Research
Psychological Statistics
Introduction to Statistical Thinking in Sociology

Note: This requirement is NOT the same as the University General Education Requirement for Quantitative Literacy Part B. To complete the BA, students must take one of the L&S approved courses. Not all of the courses listed here will satisfy the QL-B requirement.

III. Foreign Language Requirement 

Placement testing may be used to satisfy all or part of this requirement. Language courses (including American Sign Language) other than English taken in high school may be used to satisfy all or part of this requirement. One year of high school language equates to one semester of college work.

Completion of the L&S Language Requirement also satisfies the university-wide Foreign Language GER, but not vice versa.

Completed in one of the following ways:0-18
Successful completion of the 4th semester of college work or equivalent in one language other than English (including American Sign Language)
Successful completion of the 3rd semester of college work or equivalent in one language other than English (including American Sign Language) PLUS the 2nd semester of college work or equivalent in another language other than English (including American Sign Language)

IV. International Requirement 

See Approved Courses for the L&S International Requirement for course options.  

Completed in one of the following ways:9
Complete 3 courses (min. 9 cr) in a single foreign language (not including literature-in-translation or American Sign Language) at the 3rd semester level and above
Complete 3 non-language courses (min. 9 credits) with an international content chosen from at least 2 curricular areas.
Complete 9 credits in combination of the two options above.

V. Breadth Requirement

Along with completing the University General Education Requirements of 3 credits in the Arts (A); 6 credits in the Humanities (HU), Social Sciences (SS), and Natural Sciences (NS/NS+); and a course with the Cultural Diversity (CD/+) designation, L&S students must complete the Breadth requirement.

Arts
Select 3 credits3
Humanities
Complete 12 credits of L&S courses with Humanities Breadth designation; no more than 6 credits from a single subject area. *12
Social Sciences
Complete 12 credits of L&S Courses with Social Science Breadth designation; no more than 6 credits from a single curricular area. *12
Natural Sciences
Complete 12 credits of L&S Courses with Natural Sciences Breadth designation, including at least one laboratory or field course; no more than 6 credits from a single curricular area. *12
Cultural Diversity
Complete 3 credits in a course with Cultural Diversity (CD) designation. **3

 VI. The Major

The College of Letters and Science requires that students attain at least a 2.0 GPA in all credits in the major attempted at UWM.  In addition, students must attain a 2.0 GPA on all major credits attempted, including any transfer work.  Individual departments or programs may require higher GPAs for graduation. Some departmental majors require courses from other departments.  Contact your major department for information on whether those credits will count as part of the major GPA.  The College requires that students must complete in residence at UWM at least 15 credits in upper-division (numbered 300 or above) courses in their major.

Research Requirement

Within their majors, students must complete a research experience approved by the L&S faculty.  A list of courses satisfying the research requirement in each major can be found here.

VII. The Minor

The College of Letters and Science requires that students attain at least a 2.0 GPA in all credits in the minor attempted at UWM.  In addition, students must attain a 2.0 GPA on all minor credits attempted, including any transfer work.

Major Requirements

Students are required to complete a minimum of 33 credits in the major, at least 15 of which must be taken at the advanced level (300 and above) in residence at UWM. At least 9 of those credits must represent at least three curricular areas (i.e. one 3 credit course each in three different curricular areas) with no more than 18 credits of approved courses in a singular curricular area. Students are required to complete an e-portfolio for assessment purposes. Students will be assisted in the creation of an e-portfolio, and can ask the LACUSL advisor for direction to an appropriate faculty member.

Study of a language widely spoken in Latin America or the Caribbean is strongly encouraged, but not required. Students are strongly encouraged to pursue a combination of LAC area studies and U.S. Latinx-focused courses.

The College requires that all students attain at least a 2.0 GPA on all credits in the major attempted at UWM. In addition, students must attain a 2.0 GPA on all major credits attempted, including any transfer work.

With approval of program coordinator, a relevant course not currently listed below may be substituted.

The following are required:

Core
Introductory courses
LACS 101Introduction to Latin American and Caribbean Studies3
LATINO 101Introduction to Latino Studies3
Research Requirement
LACUSL 680LACUSL Senior Research Project3
or one course accepted for the LACUSL major and satisfying the L&S research requirement from table below 1
Electives
Select 24 credits from table of LACUSL-approved Electives below24
Total Credits33

 Courses accepted for the LACUSL major and the L&S research requirement

AFRIC 320Black Cultures in Latin America and the Caribbean3
AFRIC 344Global Black Social Movements3
AFRIC 414The Black Woman in America, Africa, and the Caribbean3
AFRIC 418Race, Class, and Gender in Latin America and the Caribbean3
POL SCI 325Latin American Politics3
POL SCI 326Brazilian Politics and Society3
POL SCI 346U.S.-Latin American Relations3
SPANISH 507Seminar in Spanish-American Literature:3
SPANISH 575Seminar in 18th & 19th Century Spanish-American Literature & Civilization:3
SPANISH 577Seminar in Modern Spanish-American Literature and Civilization:3

Electives

Electives may be selected from the courses listed below. At least three different departmental curricular codes must be represented among the electives, with no more than 18 credits in any one curricular area. A maximum of 3 credits in an internship (LACS 289, LACS 489, LACUSL 289LACUSL 489, LATINO 289 OR LATINO 489) may count as an elective for the major.

With approval of program coordinator, a relevant course not listed below may be substituted.

Electives approved for the LACUSL major
AFRIC 205The Poetry of African, African-American, and Caribbean Writers3
AFRIC 311African Religious Thought and Social Organizations3
AFRIC 320Black Cultures in Latin America and the Caribbean3
AFRIC 334Survey of Black American and Black Brazilian Societies3
AFRIC 344Global Black Social Movements3
AFRIC 414The Black Woman in America, Africa, and the Caribbean3
AFRIC 418Race, Class, and Gender in Latin America and the Caribbean3
AIS 225The Aztec Empire3
AIS 310Archaeology of Middle America3
AIS 311The World of the Ancient Maya3
ANTHRO 214Ancient Civilizations of Latin America3
ANTHRO 225The Aztec Empire3
ANTHRO 309Archaeology of Central and South America3
ANTHRO 310Archaeology of Middle America3
ANTHRO 311The World of the Ancient Maya3
ANTHRO 497Study Abroad: 21-12
ANTHRO 570Issues in Bilingualism3
ARTHIST 104African, New World and Oceanic Art and Architecture3
ARTHIST 251Introduction to the Art and Architecture of Latin America3
ARTHIST 270Pre-Columbian Art, Myth, and Legacy3
ARTHIST 343Art and Culture of Spain and Latin America, 1500-17503
ARTHIST 372Art of the Inca and their Ancestors3
ARTHIST 373Art of Ancient Mexico and Central America3
ARTHIST 375Art of the Aztec Empire3
ARTHIST 474Maya Art3
ATM SCI 297Study Abroad: 21-12
ATM SCI 497Study Abroad: 21-12
BIO SCI 297Study Abroad: 21-12
BIO SCI 497Study Abroad: 21-12
COMMUN 350Intercultural Communication3
COMMUN 450Cross-Cultural Communication3
COMMUN 550International and Global Communication3
COMMUN 675Communication in International Mediation and Peacebuilding3
COMPLIT 365Literatures and Cultures of the Americas:3
CURRINS 542History and Politics of Second Language Education3
CURRINS 550Using Children's Literature to Explore Latin Am/Latino Cultural Heritage3
DANCE 122African Dance & Diaspora Technique I2-3
DANCE 414Dance Composition III2-3
ECON 353Economic Development3
ED POL 212Educational Issues in Spanish Speaking Communities3
ED POL 460The Chicano Experience3
ED POL 560Education and Hispanics3
ENGLISH 279Introduction to U.S. Latino/a Literature:3
ENGLISH 316World Cinema:3
ENGLISH 374Survey of U.S. Latino/a Literature3
ENGLISH 394Theories of Digital Culture:3
ENGLISH 404Language, Power, and Identity3
ENGLISH 523Studies in U.S. Latino/a Literature:3
ETHNIC 102Transnational Migrations: People on the Move3
ETHNIC 200Racial Minorities in the United States3
ETHNIC 245Indians, Artists, and Conquistadores: The U.S. Southwest3
ETHNIC 255Migration and Gender: Starbucks, Sex Trafficking, and Nannies3
ETHNIC/LGBT 275Queer Migrations3
ETHNIC 375Global Violence, Disease, and Death3
FRENCH 303Conversation and Composition: Intermediate Level3
FRENCH 311French for International Business/Professional Communication: Oral Emphasis3
FRENCH 325Intensive Grammar and Usage3
FRENCH 361French for International Business/Professional Communication: Writing Focus3
FRENCH 392Phonetics3
FRENCH 401French for Reading Knowledge3
FRENCH 410French Immersion: Advanced1-2
FRENCH 427Advanced Written Expression3
GEOG 421Geography of Latin America3
HIST 180Latin American Society and Culture3
HIST 267The History of Latinos in the United States3
HIST 290Topics in Global History:3
HIST 372Topics in Global History:3
HIST 393History of Mexico3
HIST 400Topics in Latin American and Caribbean History:3
HIST 404Topics in American History:3
HIST 436Immigrant America Since 18803
JAMS 450Race and Ethnicity in the Media3
LACS 289Internship in Latin American/Caribbean Studies, Lower Division1-3
LACS 489Internship in Latin American/Caribbean Studies, Upper Division1-3
LACUSL 200Special Topics in Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latinx Studies:3
LACUSL 201Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latinx Arts and Culture:3
LACUSL 289Internship-Latin American, Caribbean, & U.S. Latinx Studies, Lower Divison1-3
LACUSL 297Study Abroad:1-12
LACUSL 300Advanced Topics in Latin American, Caribbean, and U.S. Latinx Studies:3
LACUSL/THEATRE 324Theatre in the Americas: Latin American, Caribbean, and Latinx Theatre3
LACUSL 489Internship in Latin American, Caribbean, and US Latinx Studies, Upper Level1-3
LACUSL 497Study Abroad:1-12
LATINO 267The History of Latinos in the United States3
LATINO 289Internship in Latino Studies, Lower Division1-3
LATINO 301Advanced Topics in U.S. Latino Studies:3
LATINO 323Perspectives on Latino Communities3
LATINO 388Latino Politics3
LATINO 489Internship in Latino Studies, Upper Division1-3
LATINO 523Studies in U.S. Latino/a Literature:3
LGBT/ETHNIC 275Queer Migrations3
LINGUIS 420Introduction to Second Language Acquisition3
LINGUIS 570Issues in Bilingualism3
POL SCI 215Ethnicity, Religion and Race in American Politics3
POL SCI 325Latin American Politics3
POL SCI 326Brazilian Politics and Society3
POL SCI 346U.S.-Latin American Relations3
POL SCI 368Gender and Politics in Developing Nations3
POL SCI 374Health, Wealth, and Democracy3
POL SCI 388Latino Politics3
POL SCI 415The Politics of Race, Ethnicity and Immigration3
PORTUGS 215Portuguese Weekend Immersion Experience:1
PORTUGS 225Understanding Brazil:3
PORTUGS 277Portuguese Discussion Section:1-2
PORTUGS 310Advanced Composition and Conversation3
PORTUGS 313Advanced Speaking and Listening3
PORTUGS 360Luso-Brazilian Culture:3
PORTUGS 380Luso-Brazilian Literature in Translation:3
PORTUGS 446The Portuguese-Speaking World: Sociolinguistic Perspectives3
PORTUGS 457Seminar in Luso-Brazilian Literature3
PORTUGS 699Independent Reading1-3
SOCIOL 224Race and Ethnicity in the United States3
SOCIOL 323Perspectives on Latino Communities3
SOCIOL 324Race and Ethnicity in Global Contexts3
SPANISH 308Advanced Writing and Reading3
SPANISH 315Spanish Immersion Experience1
SPANISH 318Advanced Speaking and Listening3
SPANISH 319Advanced Speaking and Listening for Heritage Speakers3
SPANISH 332Business and Legal Spanish I3
SPANISH 333Advanced Spanish Grammar3
SPANISH 338Spanish for Health Professionals3
SPANISH 341Introduction to Hispanic Linguistics3
SPANISH 342Business and Legal Spanish II3
SPANISH 348Introduction to Translation: English to Spanish3
SPANISH 350Introduction to Literary Analysis3
SPANISH 371Introduction to Latino Literature in English3
SPANISH 373Topics in Latino Literature in English:3
SPANISH 388Health Issues in the Hispanic World3
SPANISH 446Hispanic Sociolinguistics3
SPANISH 470Survey of Hispanic Literature and Civilization3
SPANISH 472Survey of Spanish-American Literature and Civilization3
SPANISH 507Seminar in Spanish-American Literature:3
SPANISH 541History of the Spanish Language3
SPANISH 575Seminar in 18th & 19th Century Spanish-American Literature & Civilization:3
SPANISH 577Seminar in Modern Spanish-American Literature and Civilization:3
SPANISH 595Spanish for Reading Knowledge3
THEATRE/LACUSL 324Theatre in the Americas: Latin American, Caribbean, and Latinx Theatre3

Letters & Science Advising

The College of Letters and Science provides general academic advising for all students with a major in the College, particularly as it relates to campus' general education requirements and the College's degree requirements. We also provide specialized advising for pre-professional students (pre-med, pre-dental, pre-pharmacy, etc.) regardless if their major is in Letters and Science or not. Prospective students, including high school students and students seeking to transfer to a program in Letters and Science may also receive advising from our admissions counselors. 

Upon admission, students are assigned an advisor in the College advising office. Academic advising is available Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. by appointment. Appointments outside of these times may be available and phone appointments are available for online students. The advising office is located on the first floor of Holton Hall. Current students should call (414) 229-4654 to schedule an appointment or use the Navigate website to make an appointment with your assigned advisor; online scheduling is only available if you already have a Letters & Science advisor assigned to you. Prospective students should call (414) 229-7711 or email let-sci@uwm.edu.

When students declare a major, they will receive an additional faculty advisor located within the major department who will assist with requirements for that major. Students should read the "Declaration of Major" information on the website of the major that they are interested in. In some cases, the student will need to choose a faculty advisor as part of the declaration process.

All students are cautioned to consult their Letters & Science academic advisor AND their major advisor prior to each registration period to ensure they understand all requirements. Do not rely on pre-printed sample plans, as they are intended to be samples only and may not be right for your particular situation.

Accelerated Program Option

This program is offered as part of an accelerated bachelor's/master's program. For more information, see Accelerated Master's Degrees.

Honors in the College of Letters and Science

Dean's Honor List

GPA of 3.750 or above, earned on a full-time student's GPA on 12 or more graded credits in a given semester.

Honors College Degree and Honors College Degree with Distinction

Granted to graduating seniors who complete Honors College requirements, as listed in the Honors College section of this site.

Commencement Honors

Students with a cumulative GPA of 3.500 or above, based on a minimum of 40 graded UWM credits earned prior to the final semester, will receive all-university commencement honors and be awarded the traditional gold cord at the December or May Honors Convocation. Please note that for honors calculation, the GPA is not rounded and is truncated at the third decimal (e.g., 3.499).

Final Honors

Earned on a minimum of 60 graded UWM credits: Cum Laude - 3.500 or above; Magna Cum Laude - 3.650 or above; Summa Cum Laude - 3.800 or above.